Spanning over 400 years, historians continue to research and discover new things about the British Empire.And today more than ever, people are recognising, questioning and understanding the full story behind this important part of world history. This was done with the 1841 Convention of Chuenpi. Though Britain and the empire emerged victorious from the Second World War, the effects of the conflict were profound, both at home and abroad. It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to ... Hong Kong. They captured Malacca in 1511, holding it until the Dutch seized it in 1641. British North America and Colonial America. After protracted conflict, governance of India was officially transferred to the British crown in 1877 with Queen Victoria acquiring the title of Empress of India. Currently, none. By the end of her 64-year reign, the United Kingdom (U.K.) controlled more than 14 million square miles of territory and produced around 30 percent of the world's total industrial output. An empire is a group of colonies that are ruled by a single power, and while Britain itself has always been quite small in land mass and located far away from many of the places it has governed, it somehow succeeded in growing the largest empire in history. British settlers landed in New Zealand in 1840. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. Today, Hong Kong is governed under the “one country, two systems” relationship. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. Napoleon Bonaparte invaded the country in 1798 and the presence of the French helped secularize and modernize Egypt. Nothing lasts forever, however. Great Britain participated in economic imperialism in India. Of these England, the tardiest on the scene, finally took control of the beginnings of what is now the United States. While various countries gained their independence over time, even by 1952 when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, over 70 colonies still existed in the empire overseas. It had always been Britain's most economically active region but the end of Empire did not see the end of Britain's economic and cultural ties to the region. British influence in India has been longlasting, and English is commonly used as a lingua franca in the country. ... British colonies, including Africa and India, made a significant contribution to the war effort. These included what are now Kenya, Sudan, Lesotho, Botswana, Northern Somalia, Egypt, Eastern Ghana, Gambia, Niger, and Benin. British bronze medal (1834) commemorating the end of slavery in the British colonies under King William IV (1830-1837). In what is now the eastern US, thirteen British colonies were set up during the 17th and 18th centuries. Ethnic rivalries were not serious in precolonial Africa. Here are some interesting facts about British Colonization of Australia below: Given the vast size and complexity of the empire, Great Britain made no effort to rule it as a single political unit. I will let you figure out the countries in the map below for yourself. It remains to be seen if any one power will again dominate over such a large portion of the globe, but history does have a tendency to repeat itself. He dug into the history of almost 200 … Thus, Britain did not attempt … The colonized the following territories; Sudan Lesotho Benin Kenya Tanzania Somalia Eastern Ghana Cameroons Egypt Gambia Nigeria South Africa Britain did not have the amount of people to use direct control over all of their colonies, especially Africa. South Australia was established in 1836, Victoria in 1851 and Queensland in 1859. One of the last major colonies to be given up by Britain was Hong Kong which was given back to China on July 1st 1997. The British Empire of the 19th century is best known for its queen, Victoria (1837-1901). What happened to the rest? Britain began colonizing the world back in the 16th century and spread its power through a strong army and by partnering with local authorities to conduct business. During the Victorian era which ended with the queen's death in 1901, Great Britain became the largest imperial power in the world. 1 Countries Colonized by Britain. Nonetheless, British colonials held themselves apart from local people more than other Europeans did, hiring locals as domestic help, but rarely intermarrying with them. Great Britain participated in economic imperialism in India. Canada’s road to independence has been long and winding. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the African continent. Let’s find out more in our British Empire facts… British Empire facts. India. The British Empire was massive and was created with crafty, creative, and domineering ways of thinking. By 1914, most of the countries in the world had been colonized by Europe. These were all places Britain wanted to dominate for access to goods such as rubber, salt, gold, ivory, and other natural products. Britain ruled Hong Kong with an agreement that the empire would give Hong Kong back to China 99 years after signing the deal, on July 1 1997, which it did. e.g: Burkina Faso. A … But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. These countries had been part of the Ottoman Empire until World War I. Today, Queen Elizabeth is still officially the head of state for 16 Commonwealth countries outside the UK. The British Empire is famous for spreading itself to almost every corner of the globe. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. The nations conquered were linked in trade as well as in politics, and this lasted for quite a while. During this time, the vast majority of Iran was under rule by the Qajar Dynasty, … Germany had only been unified in … By 1894 the list of colonies included Rhodesia, Nyasaland, British East Africa, Somaliland and the Sudan under British control. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The British government watched the East India Company, who ruled India. After more conflict, Burma became part of the empire in the 1880s. Great Britain waged two wars with Afghanistan to protect the northwest border of India resulting in Afghanistan becoming a semi-protectorate of the crown in 1880. Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. The New South Wales colony on Australia's east coast was divided into separate colonies during the mid-1800s. T he other countries must feel so left out. The British government watched the East India Company, who ruled India. At its height in 1921, this empire had become a refined worldwide network, ruling approximately one quarter of all the land on Earth. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the ... 2 Spices and Tea. Six countries: Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, and the United States, had colonies in Southeast Asia. Colonization by the French and the British had a strong influence on Egyptian society. India was a colony of Britain from 1858 to 1947. All of them speak Arabic. Follow Africa is Home to learn more. THE LIGHTLY COLONIZED COUNTRIES OF THE FERTILE CRESCENT. Egypt, the bordering country of Sudan, was one of them. During the First Opium War between China and Britain in 1839, China temporarily gave Hong Kong Island over to the British. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. The history of colonization began when the First Fleet of Britain arrived in Sydney. The other chief colonisers were France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Syria: Colonized by France in 1918, became independent in 1946. The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified … European countries with interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent among themselves. Russia was successful in capturing some of the northern areas of the Empire (present-day Turkmenistan, for example) in the 19th century. The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. In 1780, these people began to form a colony in New South Wales. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. Both British and Russian forces were interested in controlling present-day Iran (then the Persian Empire). India was a colony of Britain from 1858 to 1947. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. 1 … Lesson Summary. These include Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the Bahamas, Australia, Belize, Barbados, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. Many say the British Empire was made possible by conquering the world by sea, investing in a formidable army, and partnering with local people to further its spread. Within 30 years, both England and France had established colonies in the New World. The majority of ethnic nations lived in their independent small polities. Likewise, British forces gained power in the eastern region of the Persian Empire, near present-day Pakistan. Britain did not have the amount of people to use direct control over all of their colonies, especially Africa. In 1935, Britain consented to separate Burma from India and this was put into force in 1937 (Wilson). The French also had colonies in Africa, from the ROC to modern-day Morocco, among other colonies worldwide. By the 1750s until 1947, Britain ruled the Subcontinent. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. As far as current British overseas territories go, these include land in the Antarctic as well as Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean territory, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, the Pitcairn Islands, St Helena and its Dependencies, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, and the Turks & Caicos Islands. Portugal The Portuguese had the least impact on Southeast Asia. List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom. During Queen Victoria's reign, Great Britain continued to expand its claim to territories in Australia and the Pacific. He dug into the history of almost 200 … Senegal. The British in Africa. Why not google the question for yourself? In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. Togo. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. These two countries fought for the territory and made many influences along the way. In doing so, this presence grew to be more than just an element of commerce. Iraq: Occupied by Britain in World War I. Nominally independent after 1932. Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. A List of Countries Colonized by the British in the Victorian Era. The first attempt at colonization came from their bordering country of Egypt. Jennifer Mueller began writing and editing professionally in 1995, when she became sports editor of her university's newspaper while also writing a bi-monthly general interest column for an independent tourist publication. A Short History of the Colonization of Palestine Myth: “‘Israel’ was a land without a people for a people without a land.” History: Arab people have lived in Palestine for thousands of years. It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to bring silk, spices, tea, and salt from India to Europe. T he other countries must feel so left out. Much of Europe, a continent that had dominated the world for several centuries, was in ruins, and host to the armies of the United States and the Soviet Union, who now held the balance of global power. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. Britain expanded to Africa and India both full of resources, and both full of people with different cultures, customs, and religions. They are mainly Sunni Muslim. 0000.999.37240. He was hanged in 1859 for his part in an attack on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. 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