Singers from Kansas include Leavenworth native Melissa Etheridge, Sharon native Martina McBride, Chanute native Jennifer Knapp (whose first album was titled Kansas), Kansas City native Janelle Monáe, and Liberal native Jerrod Niemann. … The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7.5% of expenses at the end of each fiscal year; however, lawmakers can vote to override the rule, and did so during the most recent budget agreement. Settlement and early years. [72] As of April 2016, the state's unemployment rate was 4.2%. I-135, a north–south route, connects I-35 at Wichita to I-70 at Salina. Kansas was named after the indigenous Kansa tribe. Amusing those who mention BBQ... that's from Kansas City, MISSOURI ! [110] Like the other theaters listed here, The Fox still plays first run movies to this day. Coordinates: 38°29′37″N 98°22′49″W / 38.4937°N 98.3804°W / 38.4937; -98.3804 (State of Kansas), This article is about the State of Kansas. In 2011 the team moved to their new home, a $165m soccer specific stadium now known as Children's Mercy Park. Kansas was the adult home of two losing Republican candidates (Governor Alf Landon in 1936 and Senator Bob Dole in 1996). The western third of the state—from roughly the U.S. Route 83 corridor westward—has a semi-arid steppe climate. The northeastern portion of the state, extending from the eastern border to Junction City and from the Nebraska border to south of Johnson County is home to more than 1.5 million people in the Kansas City (Kansas portion), Manhattan, Lawrence, and Topeka metropolitan areas. You may or may not know these famous people were from good ol’ Kansas City. Spring River is located between Riverton and Baxter Springs. Mexicans are present in the southwest and make up nearly half the population in certain counties. The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham's Bethel Bible College, where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in 1901. Precipitation ranges from about 47 inches (1,200 mm) annually in the state's southeast corner to about 16 inches (410 mm) in the southwest. During the heyday of the Kansas City Stockyards, the city was known for its Kansas City steaks or Kansas City strip steaks. It's helpful to know what each state is famous for so that when you travel through the state, you have a head start on researching what you may want to … [36] This includes a natural increase since the last census of 93,899 (246,484 births minus 152,585 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 20,742 people out of the state. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state. It's helpful to know what each state is famous for so that when you travel through the state, you have a head start on researching what you may want to … During World War II, Kansas was home to numerous Army Air Corps training fields for training new pilots and aircrew. [11] Kansas is bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. Whole-Wheat Muffins 2 cups whole wheat 1 teaspoon soda 1 teaspoon salt (scant) 2 teaspoons … Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Kansas City, the biggest city and second biggest metro area in the Sunflower State, was founded in 1830s and is now the 37th largest city by population in the entire country.Home to 470,000, Kansas City is known for many things, from baseball to fountains. "[94] However, shortly after Mark Parkinson became governor in 2009 upon Sebelius's resignation to become Secretary of U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Parkinson announced a compromise plan to allow construction of a coal-fired plant. [63] Wichita is also home of the nationally recognized Sedgwick County Zoo.[63]. All day, every day. The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents. [65] To the southwest of Wichita is Freeport, the state's smallest incorporated city (population 5). It is also the nation's leading producer of helium. Hundreds rallied against the decision. Bowman, Larry G. "I Think It Is Pretty Ritzy Myself: Kansas Minor League Teams and Night Baseball". KU is fifth all-time with 15 Final Four appearances, while K-State's four appearances are tied for 17th. 4 reviews. Connecticut is known as the Nutmeg State, so it’s fitting that nutmeg cookies are Connecticut’s iconic dessert. The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. Kansas was also at the center of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, a 1954 Supreme Court decision that banned racially segregated schools throughout the U.S. At the same time, the Chisholm Trail was opened and the Wild West-era commenced in Kansas. The Gorillas, in 96 seasons of intercollegiate competition, have accumulated 579 victories, posting a 579–301–48 overall mark. Kansas has a history of many firsts in legislative initiatives—it was the first state to institute a system of workers' compensation (1910) and to regulate the securities industry (1911). $24.72 per adult. [64] Other fast-growing cities include Andover, Maize, Park City, Derby, and Haysville. The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor. Another song, the official state march adopted by the Kansas Legislature in 1935 is called The Kansas March, which features the lyrics, "Blue sky above us, silken strands of heat, Rim of the far horizon, where earth and heaven meet, Kansas as a temple, stands in velvet sod, Shrine which the sunshine, sanctifies to God."[105]. The court has seven judges. Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California. In 2004, slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline. Nevertheless, Congress opened Kansas in 1853 and let the state vote on whether or not to allow slaves, leading to the period of violence known as Bleeding Kansas. [51] The church has garnered worldwide media attention for picketing the funerals of U.S. servicemen and women for what church members claim as "necessary to combat the fight for equality for gays and lesbians". As of 2004, the population included 149,800 foreign-born (5.5% of the state population). The Kansas River, also known as the Kaw, is a river in northeastern Kansas in the United States.It is the southwesternmost part of the Missouri River drainage, which is in turn the northwesternmost portion of the extensive Mississippi River drainage. Some of these storms become supercell thunderstorms; these can produce some tornadoes, occasionally those of EF3 strength or higher. The population of Goddard has grown by more than 11% per year since 2000. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita. Southwest Kansas, however, was still a part of Spain, Mexico, and the Republic of Texas until the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, when these lands were ceded to the United States. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time. Some of them include textron, bombardier, Lear jet, Deanna etc. As of 2018, there were 59,600 farms in Kansas, 86 (0.14%) of which are certified organic farms. As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3.8%—above the median value of 2.5% for all rated states and having risen from a value of less than 1% in 1992. The state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, with its largest county by area being Butler County. [37], The population density of Kansas is 52.9 people per square mile. By state statute, cities are divided into three classes as determined by the population obtained "by any census of enumeration". [79], Kansas is served by two Interstate highways with one beltway, two spur routes, and three bypasses, with over 874 miles (1,407 km) in all. This is because of the high number of counties and county seats (105) and their intertwining. Kansas also permitted women's suffrage in 1912, almost a decade before the federal constitution was amended to require it. Pittsburg State University, an NCAA Division II participant, has claimed four national titles in football, two in the NAIA and most recently the 2011 NCAA Division II national title. Kansas leads the nation in wheat production. [83] In the summer of 2016 S&P Global Ratings downgraded Kansas's credit rating. Frost-free days range from more than 200 days in the south, to 130 days in the northwest. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail, this historic city has several nationally registered historic places. 5. [20] Kansas, which has an area of 82,278 square miles (213,100 square kilometers) is the 15th-largest state by area and is the 34th most-populous of the 50 states with a population of 2,913,314. During the summer, nightly low temperatures in the northeastern part of the state, especially in the aforementioned large cities, struggle to fall below 80 °F (27 °C). [114][115] The African-American Bud Fowler played on the Topeka team that season, one year before the "color line" descended on professional baseball.[115]. The US Army Reserve also has the 451st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region. Kansas was also the setting of the 1965 best-seller In Cold Blood, described by its author Truman Capote as a "nonfiction novel". Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region. The Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference has been heralded as one of the best conferences in all of NJCAA football, with Garden City Community College, Independence Community College, and Butler County Community College all consistently in contention for national championships. Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in 2009, and still employs several hundred people in Gardner. But perhaps one of the lesser known things that KC is known for are its fountains and farmers market. The first section of Interstate in the nation was opened on Interstate 70 (I-70) just west of Topeka on November 14, 1956.[84]. Although the sale of cereal malt beverage (also known as 3.2 beer) was legalized in 1937, the first post-Prohibition legalization of alcoholic liquor did not occur until the state's constitution was amended in 1948. I-335 and portions of I-35 and I-70 make up the Kansas Turnpike. Texas is known across America for its delicious barbecue. The team won the Fiesta Bowl in 1997, achieved an undefeated (11–0) regular season and No. Except during the 2001 recession (March–November 2001), when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted. Kansas's record high of 121 °F (49.4 °C) ties with North Dakota for the fifth-highest record high in an American state, behind California (134 °F or 56.7 °C), Arizona (128 °F or 53.3 °C), Nevada (125 °F or 51.7 °C), and New Mexico (122 °F or 50 °C). Directly presaging the American Civil War, these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas. Several institutions of higher education are located in Northeast Kansas including Baker University (the oldest university in the state, founded in 1858 and affiliated with the United Methodist Church) in Baldwin City, Benedictine College (sponsored by St. Benedict's Abbey and Mount St. Scholastica Monastery and formed from the merger of St. Benedict's College (1858) and Mount St. Scholastica College (1923)) in Atchison, MidAmerica Nazarene University in Olathe, Ottawa University in Ottawa and Overland Park, Kansas City Kansas Community College and KU Medical Center in Kansas City, and KU Edwards Campus in Overland Park. West of Hays, population drops dramatically, even in areas along I-70, and only two towns containing populations of more than 4,000: Colby and Goodland, which are located 35 miles (56 km) apart along I-70. In the 1930s, Kansas was one of the states most deeply affected by the Dust Bowl, and its weather is still known for terrible tornadoes both fictional, as in the book "The Wizard of Oz," and in fact. Each of the 50 states has a distinct personality, with interesting quirks and peculiarities very common between states. [75], In February 2017, a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall. The world famous fast-food chain of Pizza Hut restaurants opened its first store in Wichita. The governor Luis de Unzaga 'le Conciliateur', during that period, promoted expeditions and good relations with the Amerindians peoples, among the explorers were Antoine de Marigny and others who continued trading across the Kansas River, especially at its confluence with the Missouri River, tributaries of the Mississippi River.[22]. The Jayhawks are a perennial national power, ranking second in all-time victories among NCAA programs, behind Kentucky. In the state's southeastern part, people often use Tulsa International Airport in Tulsa, Oklahoma or Joplin Regional Airport in Joplin, Missouri. From 1812 to 1821, Kansas was part of the Missouri Territory. Towering at up to seventy feet in height, this has become a National Natural Landmark and includes some fascinating formations. 9. In 2010, Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. However, they instead amounted to $1,630 million an inflation-adjusted reduction of 10%. The Kansas Air National Guard has units at Forbes Field in Topeka and the 184th Intelligence Wing in Wichita. Their tagline is, “The Great American Lager,” and that’s fitting - it’s probably the most American beer in the country. Each of the 50 states has a distinct personality, with interesting quirks and peculiarities very common between states. Senator Arlen Specter. [62] Wichita is the largest city in the state in terms of both land area and population. Welcome to Kansas, nicknamed the Sunflower State, but also known as the Jayhawk State, the Midway State, and the Wheat State. The 2008 election brought similar results as John McCain won the state with 57% of the votes. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted. [80] Starting in 2013, the "ambitious tax overhaul" trimmed income tax, eliminated some corporate taxes, and created pass-through income tax exemptions, he raised the sales tax by one percent to offset the loss to state revenues but that was inadequate. Outside of the state, Kansas City is known for another star of the silver screen, Clark Kent. The secondary settlement of Americans in Kansas Territory were abolitionists from Massachusetts and other Free-Staters, who attempted to stop the spread of slavery from neighboring Missouri. In 1988, KU and K-State met in the Elite Eight, KU taking the game 71–58. At the same time, some of the communities in Johnson County (metropolitan Kansas City) are among the fastest-growing in the country. Kansas is the number one wheat producing state in the United States. Approximately 25,000 active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8,000 civilian DoD employees. [40], By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat. Kansas is certainly known for it's grain and meat (it held some of the early mid-west packing houses). Twice since 1999 the Board of Education has approved changes in the state science curriculum standards that encouraged the teaching of intelligent design. Historically, Kansans have supported the major league sports teams of Kansas City, Missouri, including the Kansas City Royals (MLB), and the Kansas City Chiefs (NFL), in part because the home stadiums for these teams are a few miles from the Kansas border. The cottonwood, the state tree, grows throughout Kansas, while in the northeast there are many oak, walnut, and maple trees, as well as cedar and elm. [39], The focus on labor-efficient grain-based agriculture—such as a large wheat farm that requires only one or a few people with large machinery to operate, rather than a vegetable farm that requires many people—is causing the de-population of rural areas across Kansas.[40]. It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Let’s play a little game: When I mention a certain city or state, tell me which food item or drink first comes to mind. Kansas City is an important transportation, milling, and … Located in Crawford County (dubbed the Fried Chicken Capital of Kansas), Pittsburg is the largest city in the region and the home of Pittsburg State University. [75], Nearly 90% of Kansas's land is devoted to agriculture. 4. Judicial branch: The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court. During the American Civil War (1861–65), it was also the site of the Lawrence massacre (1863). By that time, the violence in Kansas had largely subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, 1863, William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people. Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt, an area of major grain production in the central United States. Also Keystone City is a Kansas city where The Flash works and lives. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in turn was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks. As of June 2004, Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Two other landmarks are located in smaller towns in Ellis County: the "Cathedral of the Plains" is located 10 miles (16 km) east of Hays in Victoria, and the boyhood home of Walter Chrysler is 15 miles (24 km) west of Hays in Ellis. 9. The fictional town of Smallville, Kansas is the childhood home of Clark Kent/Superman in American comic books published by DC Comics. Described as “the loveliest site in the world for a town,” Emporia was founded by five men from Lawrence in 1857, when Kansas was still a territory battling over slavery. Kansas City is known for many things, like its World Series-winning baseball team, the hundreds of fountains, the historic Union Station, and the shopping mecca that is the Country Club Plaza. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 19,667, its setting is city, and the campus size is 1,000 acres. Kansas is a barbecue-obsessed state, and Woodyard Bar-B-Que in Kansas City, Kansas, got its start selling wood to pit masters in search of their signature smoke flavor. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. The western region receives an average of about 16 inches (410 millimeters) of precipitation per year. In 2006, the city was ranked as the sixth best place to live in America; the neighboring city of Olathe was 13th.[60]. Winters are highly changeable between warm and very cold. [71] According to the Kansas Department of Labor's 2016 report, the average annual wage was $42,930 in 2015. Thanks to: Kansas Wheathearts, Jeff Newman, Peter J. Freund, rbraig The state of Kansas has been known by a number of different nicknames, most popular is the Sunflower state. [97] Lawrence City Commission later voted to provide the funding needed to keep the branch open. Famous People From Kansas. There ar… The state sales tax in Kansas is 6.15%. The most stylish chocolates around. South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Dodge City, famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route. According to the Köppen climate classification, Kansas's climate can be characterized in terms of three types: it has humid continental, semi-arid steppe, and humid subtropical. Kansas averages more than 50 tornadoes annually. In no particular order, let’s check out these 13 amazing … Its attractions include the Kansas Speedway, Sporting Kansas City, Kansas City T-Bones, Schlitterbahn, and The Legends at Village West retail and entertainment center. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in 1886 in the Western League. During the Civil War, one end of the Transcontinental Railroad started in Kansas and soon the trans-state railroad became a popular end point for cattle trails. Popular: Booked by 173 travelers! Lawmen like Wyatt Earp and Wild Bill Hickock became famous keeping the peace in these towns. [89], Kansas is served by four Class I railroads, Amtrak, BNSF, Kansas City Southern, and Union Pacific, as well as many shortline railroads.[90]. He was sworn in as governor in 2011, Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years. I-335, a southwest–northeast route, connects I-35 at Emporia to I-70 at Topeka. [115] On April 10, 1887, the Golden Giants also won an exhibition game from the defending World Series champions, the St. Louis Browns (the present-day Cardinals), by a score of 12–9. A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University, the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to 1863. Both KU and K-State have tradition-rich programs in men's basketball. People here love baseball and racecar racing, with the Kansas Speedway being one of the city's main attractions. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,039 feet (1,231 meters).[21]. Kansas (/ˈkænzəs/ (listen)) is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. The science fiction novella A Boy and His Dog, as well as the film based on it,[106] take place in post-apocalyptic Topeka. City ( population 5 ). [ 101 ] in Congress, after which several families! Close proximity of both cities non-athletic competition, have accumulated 579 victories, a. In 1541 who explored the area in 1541 additional local sales tax collected is remitted to the U.S. constitution 1920! On a free state. [ 24 ] Airport is a major route! First European to set foot in present-day Kansas was sometimes referred to as `` Bleeding Kansas few! Additional legislation the following year tax in Kansas central City of russell traditionally. 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